Richa Madaan

Richa Madaan

Cerebral Palsy as a Result of Birth Injury: What You Need to Know

  Jan 17, 2024

Birth Injury

A certain type of damage to the brain during childbirth can lead to cerebral palsy (CP) condition. This happens to many children due to birth injuries or traumas. It is often caused by complications that occur at the time of labor or delivery. 

While understanding this medical condition is vital for parents as well as healthcare professionals, recognizing the strength and potential of the kid diagnosed with CP is even more important. 

In this article, we’ll understand everything about this medical disorder, explore legal options, early signs and diagnosis, and more. 

Understanding Cerebral Palsy: Basics and Types

Types of CP

(This image shows that approx. 77% of CP cases are classified as spastic. While 5% are dyskinetic, 3% are ataxic, and around 15% cases are mixed). 

During childbirth, when the oxygen to the baby’s brain gets disrupted, cells in the brain start dying. This event damages a certain part of the mind and the kid’s ability to move, maintain balance, or create posture gets affected. Hence, cerebral palsy is an umbrella term for a group of disorders

The effects of this condition can be seen as mild to severe, and vary from person to person. The common types of CP include spastic, dyskinetic, ataxic, and mixed. The most common type is spastic, which causes stiff muscles while dyskinetic leads to uncontrolled movements, whereas ataxic affects balance and coordination. 

For a better and more effective treatment, it is important to know the difference between them. 

Legal Advice

Finding out that your child has been diagnosed with CP can be a life-changing discovery for the parents and the entire family. However, staying strong and taking legal action against the hospital or the healthcare professional is vital. 

Coping with the emotional and physical challenges can be overwhelming, along with the legal procedures, seeking legal advice from a credible law firm is prudent. There might be chances of medical negligence or malpractice at the time of delivery that led to the birth injury. It is pivotal to be aware of your rights.

Visit to learn more. 

Birth Injuries Leading to Cerebral Palsy

As explained earlier, it is a disturbance of oxygen supply to the baby’s mind or trauma during delivery, CP can occur due to prolonged labor, breech births, or the use of delivery instruments. 

Depending on the area of the brain damaged, these injuries can lead to any form of it. For example, injury to the motor cortex can result in spastic, while damaging the basal ganglia can cause dyskinetic. 

Do You Know?
Cerebral palsy is a motor disorder that specifically affects movements, hence it doesn’t directly impact intellectual functioning. 

Risk Factors and Prevention

CP emerging from these damages can be prevented by understanding the risk factors. The key aspects include premature birth, low birth weight, or infections during pregnancy. Complications at the time of labor or delivery, such as entanglement in the umbilical cord, add to these risks as well. 

However, preventive approaches, such as prenatal care, maintaining existing health conditions, and ensuring a safe delivery environment can avert such situations. Not only the parents, but healthcare experts also play an imperative role in monitoring and minimizing these risks. 

Early Signs and Diagnosis

Early signs and diagnosis

The early signs of this condition typically start appearing before the kid turns three years old. The clear indications can be delays in reaching movement milestones, such as rolling, sitting, standing, or walking. 

Additional signs can be variations in muscle tone, excessive drooling, or difficulties with coordination and motor skills. To diagnose the condition, healthcare experts assess the child’s development and motor skills, or may even conduct imaging tests like MRI or ST scans to make sure or look for possible causes.

Treatment and Management Options

Various treatments are performed in the case of CP, altered to the specific needs of the individual. Some patients require physical treatment which helps them in enhancing mobility and reducing stiffness. 

While some need occupational therapy that assists them in mastering everyday tasks. Speech remedies are also done to overcome communication hurdles. And even in some cases, medication and surgeries are performed as well. 

The ultimate objective is always the same, to maximize independence and improve the quality of life. Early intervention is crucial – the sooner the healing begins, the better the outcomes tend to be.

Living with Cerebral Palsy: Daily Challenges

Living with this condition is an everyday challenge and triumph. Each day might bring its difficulties, but overcoming them and celebrating small victories every day is what the journey is about. 

It is not a path covered alone, parents and caregivers also play a fundamental role in it. Their support and inspiration contribute to significant changes. Adapting home environments, advocating for inclusive education, and nurturing a positive self-image are all part of this ongoing process.

Support Systems and Resources

A strong support system consisting of family, friends, healthcare providers, etc., is pivotal. Other than personal networks, support groups offer a platform to contact others with similar challenges. 

Apart from this, therapy centers provide specialized care and guidance. Online forums offer a stash of information and support. They not only serve practical help but emotional and intellectual support too. 

Advancements in CP Research and Therapy

With the evolving technology, the research and cure for this disorder are also bringing new hope and possibilities. Lately, innovative healing such as stem cell treatment and robotic-assisted therapy have been introduced. 

Researchers are looking for the genetic and environmental factors contributing to them. This will pave the way for more effective remedies and prevention strategies.

Conclusion and Encouragement

Cerebral palsy is a compound situation with several challenges, In spite, it is also marked by amazing resilience and potential. This condition is not only about taking treatments but about embracing a life full of possibilities and small achievements.