Richa Madaan

Richa Madaan

Understanding Swollen Vein Diseases and Their Impact on Health

  Mar 18, 2024
Reviewed by Ravinder Kaur

Swollen veins are the most common health condition in the Western region. Around 10% to 15%  of males and   20% to 25%  of females over 15 years are reported having symptoms of Varicose veins.

To understand the disease properly first we will understand the function of vessels in our body. Vessels (veins and arteries) are the flexible tubes that carry blood throughout our body. 

The blood supply network of these veins and arteries is called the circulation system.  Vein diseases occur when the relationship between vessels and nerves is interrupted.  

This can cause aches and pains in the suffering area and many other health-related issues.  Our body’s functioning entirely depends on healthy blood circulations, that’s why vessels must work properly. 

Sometimes the veins of different body parts get swollen, and it leads to various mental and physical health problems.  In this write-up, we will dive into the realm of Swollen Vein Diseases and understand their impact on health. 

Common Diseases Caused by Swollen Veins

There are several mental and physical health issues that occur due to swollen veins. Here are some of the most common among them:

A.Varicose Veins

In this disease, the veins that are close to the skin surface get varicose. This affects mostly the veins of the lower part of the body, mainly the legs. It happens because of the pressure on the legs while walking and standing. 


  • Veins get dark purple or blue.
  • Legs feel achy and heavy.
  • Muscle cramping and skin discoloration in lower legs.
  • Itching around the suffering area.


Treatment can be done through surgeries, laser treatment, sclerotherapy, etc. On the other hand, you can prevent it by some changes in lifestyle, such as: 

  • Avoid tight clothing and high heels.
  • Don’t sit for too long.
  • Take a balanced diet (high fiber-low salt)
  • Exercise and an active lifestyle

B. Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids also known as piles happen due to swollen veins in the anus and lower rectum.  When the hemorrhoids develop inside the rectum it is called internal hemorrhoids and when it affects the skin around the anus then it is called external hemorrhoids. 


  • You might face painful bleeding during bowel movements.
  • Pain and irritation in the suffering area. 
  • Discomfort and swelling around the anus. 


You must consult your trusted doctor for the treatment of hemorrhoids. Banding or rubber band ligation is the most common method of treatment. According to the testimonials and reviews of patients who underwent hemorrhoid treatment at Meliora Healthcare,  they found this treatment very effective. 

Additionally, you can make some changes in your lifestyle to prevent hemorrhoids:

  • Have enough water and other fluids.
  • Eat high-fiber meals. 
  • Don’t sit for too long and exercise frequently. 

C. Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)

When your veins are not able to send back the blood from limbs to the heart, this condition is called Chronic Venous Insufficiency. In this condition, blood doesn’t flow back properly and causes blood to pool in the veins of the lower body.  Blood clots are the most common reason for this disease. 


  • Ankles and legs get swollen.
  • Itchy and weak legs.
  • Pain in legs during standing and walking.
  • A feeling of tightness around the area.


In serious cases, you can opt for surgeries and other medications consulates by your doctor.  For the prevention of Chronic Venous Insufficiency, you can follow these tips: 

  • Don’t wear tight stockings.
  • Maintain an active lifestyle.
  • Exercise regularly and have a balanced diet.

D. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)  takes place when a  blood clot in a deep vein of our body gets formed.  These blog clots mostly affect the legs and lower body parts.


  • Cramping and swelling in legs.
  • The skin color of your legs gets changed.
  • Sense of warmth in the suffering area.


If you are feeling the symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) you can consult with your health care provider and doctors.

Follow these tips for its prevention:

  • Move your legs frequently.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Exercise regularly
  • Lose extra weight.

E. Lymphedema

In Lymphedema, the accumulation of protein-rich fluids causes tissue swelling. These fluids are usually drained by the lymphatic system of our body. Lymphedema mainly affects the arms and legs, and sometimes it can also affect the neck, chest wall, and genitals.


  • Affected area or whole body part gets swallowed. 
  • The motion of the legs and arms gets restricted.
  • A feeling of tightness and heaviness.


Immediately schedule an appointment with your doctor for therapies and medications if you feel these symptoms.  Follow these prevention tips:

  •  Lose extra body weight.
  • Maintain an active lifestyle.

The Impact of Swollen Veins on Mental Health

Swollen veins or any other disease for that matter affect both physical and mental health.   Some major impacts of swollen veins on mental health are stated here:

  • Low Self-Esteem:  It leads to lower self-esteem due to physically visible symptoms.  People feel uncountable in social gatherings due to decreased self-confidence.
  • Anxiety and Stress: Constant aches and itching due to swollen veins increase the stress level of the sufferer.  The ugly appearance of legs and body shaming also causes anxiety.
  • Depression: This disease causes aches and pains in various body parts and restricts one from participating in daily activities, which ultimately leads to depression.
  • Social Isolation:  Feeling body shamed and under confident about looks due to varicose veins might cause individuals to avoid social interactions and lead to loneliness.

If you’re facing these problems due to varicose veins, immediately consult a specialist for treatment options. This can help you return to your desired activities without shame or limitations.

Bottom Line 

As we all know, prevention is better than cure, That is why it is advised to prioritize vascular health. Dysfunction in blood circulation can cause various health problems. To prevent these diseases, regularly consult your doctor and focus on a healthy lifestyle. 

Having a balanced diet and regular exercise is the key to maintaining overall wellness. In this post, we understood the different types of Swollen vein diseases, their treatments, symptoms, and their impact on health. 

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