Richa Madaan

Richa Madaan

The 7 Stages Of Dementia And Its Symptoms

  Jan 17, 2024
Reviewed by Ayushi Jain

Are you or a loved one concerned about the possibility of dementia? Understanding the stages of dementia and its symptoms can help you navigate this challenging journey. 

It is a progressive condition that affects the brain, causing a decline in cognitive abilities and memory function. In this article, we will explore the seven levels of the disease, from mild intellectual impairment to end-stage dementia. Each phase presents unique symptoms and challenges; recognizing them is elemental to providing appropriate care and backing. 

From the early period, where memory lapses and confusion become more noticeable, to the severe levels, where individuals may require assistance with daily activities, we will guide you through the progression. We will also answer the question of how long the 7 stages of dementia last

By understanding these stages comprehensively, and can better prepare and ensure the best possible quality of life for yourself or your loved one.

Mild Cognitive Impairment

If you or any member of the family occasionally forget things or struggle to remember names, these could be signs of minor cognitive impairment, a phase of dementia where memory and intellectual function begin to decline.

During this stage, they may experience memory, attention, language, and problem-solving difficulties. They manage to remember recent conversations or appointments, have trouble recalling the right words, or struggle with complex tasks. These symptoms are noticeable and those around you but don’t significantly interfere with your daily life.

While mild cognitive impairment is a cause for concern, it doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll develop dementia. Some people with minor mental impairment may remain stable over time, while others may progress to more severe levels of it. As you explore ways to support cognitive health during the early stages of dementia, consider learning more about products such as Souvenaid, which is specifically formulated to support memory function in these initial phases.

It’s necessary to seek medical advice and support to manage any cognitive changes and develop strategies to cope with them.

Early Stage Dementia

Early Stage Dementia

In the early stages of this disease, mild memory loss can be experienced, and occasional confusion. These symptoms can be subtle and might go unnoticed at first. 

You can find yourself needing to remember recent conversations or misplacing items frequently. Help in remembering names or familiar faces can also be needed. It is expected to have difficulty recalling the right words or organizing the thoughts. 

Getting overwhelmed by simple tasks that used to be easy. Along with these cognitive changes, changes in mood and personality can also be experienced. You might become more irritable or withdrawn and have difficulty adapting to new situations. 

Although these changes can be challenging, seeking support and engaging in activities that stimulate the mind and promote overall well-being is vital.

Do You Know?
Almost 62% of health practitioners worldwide incorrectly think that dementia is part of normal aging. 

Moderate Stage Dementia

Moderate Stage Dementia

During this phase, increased difficulty communicating can be experienced as well. The language skills and ability to express yourself become more impaired. You might need help to find the right words or have trouble following conversations. Expressing thoughts and needs can turn frustrating and challenging.

You manage to rely on non-verbal cues and gestures to convey your desires. Memory loss becomes more pronounced during this phase. Trouble in remembering recent events or people’s names can happen. Daily tasks such as dressing, grooming, and cooking will require assistance as the motor skills decline.

Emotional changes are also common, and mood swings, agitation, or anxiety can be experienced. It’s pivotal to stay patient and provide backing during this level of it.

Severe Stage Dementia

Severe Stage Dementia

Imagine living with severe stage dementia, where the ability to communicate and express yourself is severely impaired, making it challenging to convey thoughts and needs. At this phase, a significant decline in cognitive function, memory loss, and awareness of your surroundings can be experienced.

Simple tasks such as dressing, eating, and using the bathroom become increasingly challenging, and assistance can be required with these basic activities of daily living. Difficulties in swallowing can develop, leading to weight loss and malnutrition.

Along with physical decline, behavioral changes may occur, including agitation, aggression, and wandering. The impact on the quality of life is as profound as struggling to maintain your independence and engage in meaningful interactions.

Caregivers must provide a safe and supportive environment, ensuring comfort and well-being throughout this difficult stage.

End Stage Dementia

risk of Alzheimer's Dementia

(This graph shows the estimated lifetime risk of Alzheimer’s Dementia, by gender, at ages 45 and 65). 

At this point, you may find that individuals with end-level illness need much help with even the simplest tasks of everyday life. They can struggle with feeding themselves, dressing, or using the bathroom. 

Their ability to communicate verbally can also be severely impaired, making it difficult for them to express their needs or understand others. As the disease progresses, their mobility may decline, and they become bedridden or wheelchair-bound. They can also experience significant weight loss and muscle weakness. 

It is vital to provide them with constant supervision and support to ensure their safety and well-being. The end period can bring about changes in behavior, including agitation, aggression, or withdrawal. It’s basic to approach these individuals with patience, compassion, and understanding.


In conclusion, you can find yourself facing the difficult journey of this disease. As you progress through the 7 phases, from mild cognitive impairment to severe stage dementia, the symptoms can become more challenging.

It’s fundamental to remember that you are not alone and there is support available. Take comfort in knowing you can seek help and care during each level. Remember to reach out to loved ones, medical professionals, and groups for guidance and understanding.